managers and its types
- Introduction to Managers
- Types of Managers
- Managerial Skills
A manager is someone who is in charge of the business affairs of an entertainer. A manager is responsible for planning, organizing, directing and controlling.
Types of Managers:
1. Top Levels Managers:
Top level managers are responsible for the performance of the entire organization through middle managers. They coordinate among different departments and units of an organization. They perform complex and varied nature of jobs. They work long hours and spend much of their time in meetings, and decision making. It involves chief executives, like the chairman, president, managing director or general manager.
2. Middle Level Manager:
Middle level managers are the largest group of managers in most organizations. This level of managers consist of departmental heads like personal manager, marketing manager, etc. This level of managers play the role mediator between top and first line management. The managers have to repeat about the accomplishment of work to the top level and give instructions to the lower level.
3. Lower/ Supervisory Level Managers:
This level of managers are known as first line or operating level of managers. It is directly involved in the actual operation of production, marketing, financing, accounting, etc. This level of managers consist of supervisors, foreman, sales officers, superintendents and other operational heads. They have direct relation with the employees who are involved in operation. This level is directly responsible for the completion of works and planned objectives.
A skill is an ability or proficiency in performing a particular task. Management skills are learned and developed. Two essential management skills are explained below:
1. General Skills:
- Technical Skills: Technical skills refer to the ability and knowledge in using the equipment, techniques, and procedures involved in performing a specific task. These skills are especially important for the first line management level.
- Human Skills: Human skills refer to the ability to work with, understand and motivate other people individually or in a group. Managers with good human skill are able to get the best output from subordinates. It is concerned with understanding people. These skills are equally important at all levels of management.
- Conceptual Skills: Conceptual skills refer to the mental ability to analyze and diagnose complex situations. These skills are mostly necessary at top level management. Conceptual skill helps the manager to conceptualize the environment, to analyze the forces working in a situation. It also includes study of a problem and to use creative thinking in solving the problems.
2. Specific Skills:
- Controlling the organizations environment and its resources.
- Organizing and coordination.
- Handling information.
- Providing for growth and development.
- Motivating employees and handling conflicts.
- Strategic problem solving.