Business Studies XI

 Introduction to Business

  1. Concept of Business
  2. Characteristics of Business
  3. Component and Scope of Business
  4. Function of Business
  5. Objectives of business
  6. Importance of Business
  7. Social responsibilities of Business

Business Environment

  1. Internal environment
  2. External environment
    • General Environment (PEST)
    • Task Environment

Business Idea

  1. Creativity
  2. Creative Process (Stages)
  3. Innovations:
  4. Relation Between Creativity and Innovation
  5. Basics of Creative Behaviour
  6. Business Idea and Its Generation
  7. Source of Business Ideas
  8. Divergence and Convergence in Business
  9. Tools and Technique of generating new business ideas
  10. Factors affecting implementation of new ideas

Resource Mobilisation

  1. Major Resources of Business
  2. Financial Resources
  3. Physical Resources
  4. Human Resources
  5. Informational Resources
  6. Difference Between Equity Capital and Debt Capital

Evolution of Business

  1. Evolution of industry and commerce
  2. Evolution of Business in Nepal
  3. Considerations before starting a Business
  4. Requisites of business success
  5. Business environment
  6. PEST Analysis

Forms of Business Organizations

Sole trading concern

  1. Concept of a sole trading concern
  2. Characteristics of a sole trading concern
  3. Merits and demerits of a sole trading concern
  4. Registration and renewal of sole trading concern in Nepal
  5. Condition for the termination of a sole trading concern

 Partnership firm

  1. Concept of partnership firm and partners
  2. Characteristics of partnership firm
  3. Differentiate between sole trading and partnership
  4. Merits and demerits of partnership firm
  5. Types of partners & Partnership
  6. Rights and duties of partners
  7. Partnership deed: meaning and contents
  8. Registration and renewal of partnership firm in Nepal
  9. Dissolution of partnership firm in Nepal

Joint-stock company

  1. Concept of the joint-stock company
  2. Characteristics of the joint-stock company
  3. Merits and demerits
  4. Types of company
  5. Differentiate between the public and private company
  6. Difference between Joint Stock company and Partnership Firm
  7. Main documents for incorporation of the joint-stock company: memorandum, articles, prospectus
  8. Incorporation of Joint Stock Company in Nepal
  9. Company Meeting
  10. Agenda and Resolution
  11. Winding-up of Joint Stock Company

Cooperative organizations

  1. Concept of Cooperative
  2. Features of Cooperative Organization
  3. Types of Cooperative Organizations
  4. Role of Cooperatives in Developing Countries
  5. Registration of Cooperatives in Nepal
  6. National Cooperative Development Board

Public enterprises

  1. Concepts of Public Enterprises
  2. Characteristics of Public Enterprises
  3. Importance of Public Enterprises
  4. Types of Public Enterprises

Multinational companies

  1. Concept of Multinational Company
  2. Characteristics of Multinational Company
  3. Importance/Merits of Multinational Company
  4. Demerits/Disadvantages of Multinational Company

Business Ethics and Social Responsibility

Risk and Insurance

  1. Concept of Risk Management
  2. Meaning and Concept of Insurance
  3. Basic Terms of Insurance
  4. Importance of Insurance
  5. Essentials of Insurance Contract
  6. Principles of Insurance
  7. Life Insurance
  8. Fire Insurance Concept:
  9. Marine insurance


Business support agencies in Nepal

  1. Nepal Chamber of Commerce (NCC)
  2. Functions of NCC
  3. Federation of Nepal Chamber of Commerce and Industries
  4. Functions of FNCCI
  5. Trade and Export Promotion Centre (TEPC)
  6. Functions of TEPC

Office Management

  1. Concept of an Office
  2. Functions of an Office
  3. Importance of an Office
  4. Concept of Office Management
  5. Importance of Office Management
  6. Office Accommodation
  7. Office Layout

Filing and Indexing

  1. Concept of Filing
  2. Purpose of Filing
  3. Importance of Filing
  4. Types of Filing System
  5. Methods of Filing
  6. Qualities of Good Filing System
  7. Concept of Indexing
  8. Importance of Indexing
  9. Types of Indexing
  10. Qualities of Good Indexing

Record Management

  1. Concept of Records Management
  2. Importance of Records Management
  3. Types of Records
  4. Principles of Records Management
  5. Retention and Disposal of Records
  6. Importance of Retention and Disposal of Records:

Office Machines and Furniture

  1. Meaning of Office Machines and equipment:
  2. Importance of Office Machines
  3. Factors to be considered for Selecting Office Machines:
  4. Meaning of Office Furniture
  5. Importance of Office Furniture
  6. Factors to be considered for selecting Office Furniture:

Business Communication

  1. Concept of Business Communication
  2. Importance of Communication
  3. Sources of Office Information: Internal and External
  4. Types of Business Communication
  5. Means of Communication
  6. Meaning of Business Letters
  7. Structure of a Business Letter
  8. Qualities of Good Business Letter
  9. Types of Business Letter (Drafting a Business Letter)